Montana coal community

Holding Big Coal Accountable

WORC and its first member groups were founded by ranch families whose land and livelihoods were threatened by the booming coal industry in the 1970s, when dozens of coal strip mines and power plants were proposed across the Northern Great Plains. We have been at the forefront of shaping coal-related policies ever since, limiting the scale of mine expansion and damage to land and water, and protecting the interests of taxpayers and communities.

Today, as the coal industry contracts, WORC is holding coal companies accountable while working to ensure that coal workers are respected and supported. We’re also fighting to ensure that rural coalfield communities have the resources they need to grow and diversify their economies, that companies put people to work reclaiming mines and remediating damage to land and water, and that we embrace an economy of shared prosperity in the West that benefits workers, rural communities, and Native peoples.


The coal industry has long been adept at externalizing its costs and risks. Below are just a few of the ways that we all pick up the coal industry’s cost of doing business:

  • WATER: Coal mining jeopardizes water quantity and quality in the semi-arid West, where agriculture and wildlife depend on scarce water resources.
  • AIR: Pollution from burning coal threatens public health and accelerates global climate change.
  • LAND: Over 450 square miles of agricultural land in Colorado, Montana, North Dakota and Wyoming have been mined, but only 10% of mined land has been completely reclaimed.
  • COMMUNITIES: Recently, coal companies have proposed to build export terminals on the West Coast, necessitating enormous increases in coal train traffic through cities from Wyoming to the Pacific, threatening public health and safety, and wearing out public infrastructure, all in order to profit a handful of private companies.
  • TAXPAYERS: For years, the federal government has subsidized the Western coal industry by leasing publicly-owned coal far below market rates, costing American taxpayers tens of millions of dollars every year.
halted coal mining equipment
A “drag line” digs massive amounts of overburden off the coal seam in one of Wyoming’s Powder River Basin coal mines.

Our Work

WORC and its member groups have long organized to protect our water, air, land, people and communities from the harmful effects of coal development. WORC leaders helped write and pass a federal law in the 1970s that requires companies to clean up the damage done by mining, and we have worked to force coal companies to pay the true cost of coal ever since. WORC and its member groups:

  • Protect private property rights of landowners whose farms and ranches neighbor coal mines,
  • Work with regulators to ensure that strong mine permitting and reclamation laws are enforced,
  • Lobby Congress and federal agencies to pass policies that make the industry pay its fair share for public resources and that hold mining companies accountable for damage to land, water, and public health.
  • Reform the federal coal leasing program to recognize the contracting coal market, address federal coal’s contribution to climate change, provide a fair return to taxpayers, incentivize reclamation, and provide economic support and planning for coalfield communities.

Our Successes

WORC and its member groups have achieved some landmark victories in the fight to hold the coal industry accountable to responsible development:

  • Defeated the Tongue River Railroad after 40 years. The Tongue River Railroad would have cut apart southeastern Montana ranchland to serve a new mine. Once the railroad was defeated, Arch Coal withdrew its permit.
  • Helped convince the Bureau of Land Management to conduct a Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement on the federal coal leasing program to ensure federal taxpayers get every dollar due from the mining of federal coal.
  • Helped ensure $2.5 billion of coal mine cleanup costs did not fall to the public through pushing for replacement of bankrupt coal companies’ “self-bonds” and supporting changes to Wyoming rules that dramatically limit self-bonding.
  • Won a lawsuit that prevents the Interior Department from relying on the work and recommendations of the Royalty Policy Committee, a federal advisory committee stacked with representatives of the energy industry that extract taxpayer-owned coal, oil, and gas.

Never miss an opportunity to make the West a healthier and more sustainable place to call home.

News from coal

carbon dioxide pipeline in national forest

WORC members oppose a proposal to open national forests and grasslands to permanent carbon capture infrastructure.

New Forest Service proposal intends to allow companies to build dangerous carbon pipelines and injection sites on public lands for permanent storage of carbon dioxide.…

montana rancher jeanie alderson

Northern Plains leader testifies to Congress about the need for federal coal leasing reforms

This article first appeared in WORC's newsletter, the Western Organizing Review. Keep up to date with WORC's newsletter Montana rancher describes how the current federal…

coal mining

Federal Coal Program Review Lacks Solutions

Coal Country Communities Deserve Action for Federal Coal Program Issues Send me WORC's newsletter In response to the Bureau of Land Management’s Federal Coal Program…